Green Tea and Its Relation to Human Gut Microbiome
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AuthorPérez Burillo, Sergio; Navajas Porras, Beatriz; López Maldonado, Alicia; Hinojosa Nogueira, Daniel José; Pastoriza de la Cueva, Silvia; Rufián Henares, José Ángel
Green teaGut microbiotaCatechinPolyphenolsHealth
Pérez-Burillo, S... [et al.]. Green Tea and Its Relation to Human Gut Microbiome. Molecules 2021, 26, 3907. [https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26133907]
SponsorshipEuropean Research Commission (Research Executive Agency) under de research project Stance4Health 816303; Plan propio de Investigacion y Transferencia of the University of Granada under the program "Intensificacion de la Investigacion, modalidad B"; University of Granada program "Perfeccionamiento de Doctores"
Green tea can influence the gut microbiota by either stimulating the growth of specific species or by hindering the development of detrimental ones. At the same time, gut bacteria can metabolize green tea compounds and produce smaller bioactive molecules. Accordingly, green tea benefits could be due to beneficial bacteria or to microbial bioactive metabolites. Therefore, the gut microbiota is likely to act as middle man for, at least, some of the green tea benefits on health. Many health promoting effects of green tea seems to be related to the inter-relation between green tea and gut microbiota. Green tea has proven to be able to correct the microbial dysbiosis that appears during several conditions such as obesity or cancer. On the other hand, tea compounds influence the growth of bacterial species involved in inflammatory processes such as the release of LPS or the modulation of IL production; thus, influencing the development of different chronic diseases. There are many studies trying to link either green tea or green tea phenolic compounds to health benefits via gut microbiota. In this review, we tried to summarize the most recent research in the area.