Near Infrared Sensor to Determine Carbon Dioxide Gas Based on Ionic Liquid
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AuthorFernández Ramos, María Dolores; Mirza Montoro, Fátima; Capitán Vallvey, Luis Fermín; Pérez de Vargas-Sansalvador, Isabel María
NIRIonic liquidsCarbon dioxide determinationFluorescent sensorsazaBODIPY
Fernández-Ramos, M.D.; Mirza-Montoro, F.; Capitán-Vallvey, L.F.; Pérez de Vargas-Sansalvador, I.M. Near Infrared Sensor to Determine Carbon Dioxide Gas Based on Ionic Liquid. Coatings 2021, 11, 163. [https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings11020163]
In this study we present an NIR carbon dioxide gas sensor based on an inner filter process that includes an ionic liquid (IL), 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate (EMIMBF4), to improve its stability, dynamic behavior and lifetime, which are usually the main drawbacks with these sensors. The presence of CO2 causes a displacement of a simple boron-dipyrromethene-type fluorophore, azaBODIPY, as the pH indicator towards its acid form. This increases the emission intensity of Cr(III)-doped gadolinium aluminium borate (GAB) as the luminophore. The characterization of the prepared sensor was carried out and a discussion of the results is presented. The response and recovery times improved considerably, 23 and 49 s, respectively, with respect to the sensor without IL, at 60 and 120 s, respectively,. Additionally, the measurement range is extended when using IL, able in this case to measure in the complete range up to 100% CO2; without IL the measurement range is limited to 60% CO2. The detection limit ranges from 0.57% CO2 without IL to 0.26% CO2 when IL is added. The useful lifetime of the sensing membrane was 20 days for membranes with IL and only 6 days for membranes without IL, with the sensor always kept in the dark and without the need to maintain a special atmosphere.