Evaluating Quality Parameters, the Metabolic Profile, and Other Typical Features of Selected Commercial Extra Virgin Olive Oils from Brazil
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Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO)Minor componentsBrazilian EVOOArbequinaKoroneikiPhenolic compounds
Carvalho, Aline G.A.; Olmo-García, Lucía; Gaspar, Bruna R.A.; Carrasco-Pancorbo, Alegría; Castelo-Branco, Vanessa N.; Torres, Alexandre G. 2020. "Evaluating Quality Parameters, the Metabolic Profile, and Other Typical Features of Selected Commercial Extra Virgin Olive Oils from Brazil." Molecules 25, no. 18: 4193. [DOI: 10.3390/molecules25184193]
SponsorshipCAPES; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); University of Granada; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq); CAPES 001; National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq) 432484/2016-7 434637/2018-1; Carlos Chagas Filho Foundation for Research Support of the State of Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ) E-26/010.001436/2019; Proyecto Feder (Programa Operativo FEDER Andalucia 2014-2020) B-AGR-416-UGR18
The production of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) in Brazil developed quite recently, and information on commercial Brazilian EVOO’s typical features is very scarce. In just one of the previously published works on Brazilian olive oil, the assessed samples were commercially available. In this study, a comprehensive characterization of EVOO samples acquired at local stores (at Rio de Janeiro and Rio Grande do Sul, from the two most prevalent cultivars, Arbequina and Koroneiki) was carried out considering the most relevant quality parameters, antioxidant capacity, oxidative stability, total phenolic content, fatty acid composition, and minor component metabolic profiling. The latter included: (1) the determination of individual phenolic compounds (belonging to four diverse chemical classes) and triterpenic acids by means of a powerful multi-class reversed-phase LC-MS method; (2) the quantitative profiling of tocopherols, phytosterols, and pigments by normal-phase LC-DAD/fluorescence; and (3) the quantitative appraisal of the volatile pattern of the oils by solid-phase microextraction (SPME)-gas chromatography (GC)-MS. By applying these methods, the concentrations of approximately 70 minor compounds were determined in commercial EVOOs from Brazil. To the best of our knowledge, the content of a very large number of phenolic compounds of those determined in the current report (mainly secoiridoids), the three triterpenic acids (maslinic, betulinic, and oleanolic acids), and the individual chlorophyll derivatives had not been previously evaluated in Brazilian EVOOs. The present work provides a broad picture of the compositional profile and other parameters of relevance of selected commercial Brazilian EVOOs available on local markets, describing their typicity and most particular features, some of which are known to have potential impacts on consumers’ health.