Differences in the Phenolic Profile by UPLC Coupled to High Resolution Mass Spectrometry and Antioxidant Capacity of Two Diospyros kaki Varieties
MetadataShow full item record
AuthorEsteban Muñoz, Adelaida; Sánchez Hernández, Silvia; Samaniego Sánchez, Cristina; Giménez Martínez, Rafael Jesús; Olalla Herrera, Manuel
Phenolic compoundsAntioxidant capacityUPLC-QTOF-MSDiospyros kakiPersimmonRojo BrillanteTriumph
Esteban-Muñoz, A.; Sánchez-Hernández, S.; Samaniego-Sánchez, C.; Giménez-Martínez, R.; Olalla-Herrera, M. Differences in the Phenolic Profile by UPLC Coupled to High Resolution Mass Spectrometry and Antioxidant Capacity of Two Diospyros kaki Varieties. Antioxidants 2021, 10, 31. https://doi.org/ 10.3390/antiox10010031
SponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness AGL2014-53895-R; European Union (EU)
Background: phenolic compounds are bioactive chemical species derived from fruits and vegetables, with a plethora of healthy properties. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.f.) due to the presence of many different classes of phenolic compounds. However, the analysis of individual phenolic compounds is difficult due to matrix interferences. Methods: the aim of this research was the evaluation of individual phenolic compounds and antioxidant capacity of the pulp of two varieties of persimmon (Rojo Brillante and Triumph) by an improved extraction procedure together with a UPLC-Q-TOF-MS platform. Results: the phenolic compounds composition of persimmon was characterized by the presence of hydroxybenzoic and hydroxycinnamic acids, hydroxybenzaldehydes, dihydrochalcones, tyrosols, flavanols, flavanones, and flavonols. A total of 31 compounds were identified and 17 compounds were quantified. Gallic acid was the predominant phenolic compounds found in the Rojo Brillante variety (0.953 mg/100 g) whereas the concentration of p-hydroxybenzoic acid was higher in the Triumph option (0.119 mg/100 g). Conclusions: the results showed that the Rojo Brillante variety had higher quantities of phenolic compounds than the Triumph example. These data could be used as reference in future phenolic compound databases when individual health effects of phenolic compounds become available.