Aspegillus terreus: From Soil to Industry and Back
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AuthorHristova Vassileva, María; Malusá, Eligio; Eichler Löbermann, Bettina; Bojkov Vassilev, Nikolay
Aspergillus terreusPlant growth promotionBiocontrolItaconic acid productionPathogenicity
Vassileva, M., Malusá, E., Eichler-Löbermann, B., & Vassilev, N. (2020). Aspegillus terreus: From Soil to Industry and Back. Microorganisms, 8(11), 1655. [doi:10.3390/microorganisms8111655]
SponsorshipProject EXCALIBUR from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme 817946; Junta de Andalucía-PAIDI 2020 (FEDER supported), Spain P18-HO-4279
Aspergillus terreus is an important saprophytic filamentous fungus that can be found in soils. Like many other soil microorganisms, A. terreus demonstrates multiple functions and o ers various important metabolites, which can be used in di erent fields of human activity. The first application of A. terreus on an industrial level is the production of itaconic acid, which is now considered as one of the most important bioproducts in the Green Chemistry field. The general schemes for itaconic acid production have been studied, but in this mini-review some lines of future research are presented based on analysis of the published results. A. terreus is also intensively studied for its biocontrol activity and plant growth-promoting e ect. However, this microorganism is also known to infect important crops such as, amongst others, rice, wheat, potato, sugar cane, maize, and soybean. It was suggested, however, that the balance between positive vs. negative e ects is dependent on the soil-plant-inoculant dose system. A. terreus has frequently been described as an important human pathogen. Therefore, its safety manipulation in biotechnological processes for the production of itaconic acid and some drugs and its use in soil-plant systems should be carefully assessed. Some suggestions in this direction are discussed, particularly concerning the uses in crop production.