Evaluation of the optical and biomechanical properties of bioengineered human skin generated with fibrin-agarose biomaterials
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AuthorIonescu, Ana María Andreea; Chato Astrain, Jesús; Cardona Pérez, Juan De La Cruz; Campos, Fernando; Pérez, María M.; Alaminos Mingorance, Miguel; Garzón Bello, Ingrid Johanna
Spie-Soc Photo Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Optical propertiesAbsorptionScatteringBioengineered skinFibrin-agarose biomaterial
Ionescu, A. M., Chato-Astrain, J., Pérez, J. D. L. C. C., Campos, F., Gómez, M. M. P., Alaminos, M., & Bello, I. G. (2020). Evaluation of the optical and biomechanical properties of bioengineered human skin generated with fibrin-agarose biomaterials. Journal of Biomedical Optics, 25(5), 055002. [DOI: 10.1117/1.JBO.25.5.055002]
SponsorshipMinistry of Science, Innovation and Universities of Spain PGC2018-101904-A-I0; Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, through AES 2017 AC17/00013; Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities within EuroNanoMed framework, EU AC17/00013; University of Granada A.TEP.280.UGR18; Junta de Andalucía PE-0395-2019; Fundación Benéfica Anticancer San Francisco Javier y Santa Cándida, Granada, Spain; OTRI.35A-07
Significance: Recent generation of bioengineered human skin allowed the efficient treatment of patients with severe skin defects. However, the optical and biomechanical properties of these models are not known. Aim: Three models of bioengineered human skin based on fibrin-agarose biomaterials (acellular, dermal skin substitutes, and complete dermoepidermal skin substitutes) were generated and analyzed. Approach: Optical and biomechanical properties of these artificial human skin substitutes were investigated using the inverse adding-doubling method and tensile tests, respectively. Results: The analysis of the optical properties revealed that the model that most resembled the optical behavior of the native human skin in terms of absorption and scattering properties was the dermoepidermal human skin substitutes after 7 to 14 days in culture. The time-course evaluation of the biomechanical parameters showed that the dermoepidermal substitutes displayed significant higher values than acellular and dermal skin substitutes for all parameters analyzed and did not differ from the control skin for traction deformation, stress, and strain at fracture break. Conclusions: We demonstrate the crucial role of the cells from a physical point of view, confirming that a bioengineered dermoepidermal human skin substitute based on fibrin-agarose biomaterials is able to fulfill the minimal requirements for skin transplants for future clinical use at early stages of in vitro development.