Disordered Eating Attitudes, Anxiety, Self-Esteem and Perfectionism in Young Athletes and Non-Athletes
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AuthorPetisco Rodríguez, Cristina; Sánchez Sánchez, Laura del Carmen; Fernández García, Rubén; Sánchez Sánchez, Javier; García Montes, José Manuel
Eating disordersPreventionPsychological factorsAthletesNon-athletesGymnastsFootballers
Petisco-Rodríguez, C., Sánchez-Sánchez, L. C., Fernández-García, R., Sánchez-Sánchez, J., & García-Montes, J. M. (2020). Disordered Eating Attitudes, Anxiety, Self-Esteem and Perfectionism in Young Athletes and Non-Athletes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(18), 6754. [doi:10.3390/ijerph17186754]
Eating disorders are associated with short and long-term consequences that can a ect sports performance. The purposes of this study were to investigate whether female athletes, particularly gymnasts and footballers, exhibit more eating problems compared to female non-athletes, and to identify individual personality characteristics including anxiety, self-esteem, and perfectionism as possible contributors to eating disorder risk. In a sample of 120 participants, 80 adolescent female athletes were compared to a control condition of 40 non-athletes (mean age 17.2 2.82). Participants responded to a questionnaire package to investigate the presence of disordered eating (SCOFF) and psychological variables in relation to disordered eating symptoms or eating disorder status. Subsequently, anthropometric measures were obtained individually by trained sta . There were statistically significant di erences between conditions. One of the most important results was the score in SCOFF (Mann–Whitney = 604, p < 0.05; Cohen’s d = 0.52, r = 0.25), being higher in control than in the gymnast condition. These results suggest that non-athlete female adolescents show more disturbed eating behaviours and thoughts than female adolescents from aesthetic sport modalities and, therefore, may have an enhanced risk of developing clinical eating disorders.