An Analysis of Personal Learning Environments and Age-Related Psychosocial Factors of Unaccompanied Foreign Minors
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AuthorTomé Fernández, María; García-Garnica, Marina; Martínez Martínez, Asunción; Olmedo Moreno, Eva María
Unaccompanied foreign minorsPersonal learning environmentPsychosocial factorsSocial Networking
Tomé-Fernández, M., García-Garnica, M., Martínez-Martínez, A., & Olmedo-Moreno, E. M. (2020). An Analysis of Personal Learning Environments and Age-Related Psychosocial Factors of Unaccompanied Foreign Minors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(10), 3700. [DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17103700]
SponsorshipR + D + R National Project: Hybrid Learning Models for Educational Intervention; Unaccompanied Foreign Minors (UFMs); Effective Tools for School and Social Integration EDU2017 88641-R
Spain is one of the countries with the greatest influx of immigrants and, specifically, of unaccompanied foreign minors (UFMs). The educational and social inclusion of unaccompanied foreign minors poses both a challenge and a threat to current policy. Nonetheless, studies linking educational aspects to the phenomenon of the integration of these children are scarce and do not specify the most influential educational tools and strategies. In this sense, a descriptive, quantitative and cross-sectional research study is presented. The aim of this study is to examine whether variables such as age and the use of applications and social networks determine the personal learning environments (PLE) of unaccompanied foreign minors. The sample of the present study was formed by 624 individuals (♂ = 92.1% (n = 575); ♀ = 7.9% (n = 49)) aged between 8 and 17 years old. The majority came from Morocco and resided in the cities of Ceuta and Melilla. The “PLE and Social Integration of UFMs” questionnaire was used as the study instrument. Amongst the main findings, significant differences are highlighted in the personal learning environments as a function of age-related psychosocial factors as they pertain to unaccompanied foreign minors. Four factors were seen to exist in relation to the personal learning environments of unaccompanied foreign minors: self-concept of the learning process, planning and management of learning, use of resources and tools, and communication and social interaction. The same trend was observed in the four factors, with older age groups reporting better scores. On the other hand, results show that the use of applications and social networks have a significant and favourable impact on personal learning environment construction.