Bioactive microfluidic paper device for pesticide determination in waters
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AuthorFernández Ramos, María Dolores; Ogunneye, A. L.; Barbarinde, N. A. A.; Erenas Rodríguez, Miguel María; Capitán Vallvey, Luis Fermín
Microfluidic paper sensorµPADBiosensorPesticidesOrganophosphate and carbamate pesticidesWater samples
Talanta 218 (2020) 121108
SponsorshipThis study was supported by a project from the Spanish MINECO (CTQ2016-78754-C2-1-R), a project partially supported by European Regional Development Funds (ERDF).
This work presents a new optical microfluidic paper biosensor for the detection of organophosphate pesticides and carbamate pesticides. The assay strip is composed of a paper support (1 × 17.6 mm) onto which acet- ylcholine esterase (AChE) and acetylcholine chloride (AChCl) are deposited, in such a way that there is a small hole between them that ensures that they only come into contact in the reaction zone when they are carried by a solution of the sample by lateral flow to the reaction zone containing bromocresol purple (BCP) as the pH indicator, immobilized by sol-gel. The sensor operates at room temperature and the rate of the inhibited reaction serves as an analytical signal, which is measured using a camera by quantifying the appropriate colour co- ordinate. Calibration curves were obtained for chlorpyrifos and carbaryl, with a useful concentration range from 0.24 to 20 μg L−1 for carbaryl and from 2.00 to 45 μg L−1 for chlorpyrifos. The detection limits were 0.24 and 2.00 μg L−1, respectively, and with reproducibility around 4.2–5.5%. The method was applied to the de- termination of pesticides in different water samples, with no sample preparation.