Current Knowledge about the Effect of Nutritional Status, Supplemented Nutrition Diet, and Gut Microbiota on Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion and Regeneration in Liver Surgery
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AuthorCornide Petronio, María Eugenia; Álvarez Mercado, Ana Isabel; Jiménez Castro, Mónica B.; Peralta, Carmen
Ischemia-reperfusion injuryNutritional statusSupplemented nutritionGut microbiotaPartial hepatectomy
Cornide-Petronio, M. E., Álvarez-Mercado, A. I., Jiménez-Castro, M. B., & Peralta, C. (2020). Current Knowledge about the Effect of Nutritional Status, Supplemented Nutrition Diet, and Gut Microbiota on Hepatic Ischemia-Reperfusion and Regeneration in Liver Surgery. Nutrients, 12(2), 284.
SponsorshipThis research was supported by the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovacion y Universidades (RTI2018-095114-B-I00) Madrid, Spain; European Union (Fondos Feder, “una manera de hacer Europa”); CERCA Program/Generalitat de Catalunya and Secretaria d’Universitats I Recerca del Departament d’Economia I Coneixement (2017 SGR-551) Barcelona, Spain.
Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is an unresolved problem in liver resection and transplantation. The preexisting nutritional status related to the gut microbial profile might contribute to primary non-function after surgery. Clinical studies evaluating artificial nutrition in liver resection are limited. The optimal nutritional regimen to support regeneration has not yet been exactly defined. However, overnutrition and specific diet factors are crucial for the nonalcoholic or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis liver diseases. Gut-derived microbial products and the activation of innate immunity system and inflammatory response, leading to exacerbation of I/R injury or impaired regeneration after resection. This review summarizes the role of starvation, supplemented nutrition diet, nutritional status, and alterations in microbiota on hepatic I/R and regeneration. We discuss the most updated effects of nutritional interventions, their ability to alter microbiota, some of the controversies, and the suitability of these interventions as potential therapeutic strategies in hepatic resection and transplantation, overall highlighting the relevance of considering the extended criteria liver grafts in the translational liver surgery.