Bone Protective Effect of Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Phenolic Compounds by Modulating Osteoblast Gene Expression
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AuthorMelguizo Rodríguez, Lucía Raquel; Manzano Moreno, Francisco Javier; Illescas Montes, Rebeca; Ramos Torrecillas, Javier; Luna Bertos, María Elvira De; Ruiz Rodríguez, Concepción; García Martínez, Olga
Extra-virgin olive oilPhenolic compoundsGene expressionGenetic profile
Melguizo-Rodríguez, L., Manzano-Moreno, F. J., Illescas-Montes, R., Ramos-Torrecillas, J., de Luna-Bertos, E., Ruiz, C., & García-Martínez, O. (2019). Bone Protective Effect of Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Phenolic Compounds by Modulating Osteoblast Gene Expression. Nutrients, 11(8), 1722.
SponsorshipThe work outlined in this article has been partially funded by the Spanish Ministry of Education under FPU fellowship reference FPU15-05635
The phenolic compounds of extra-virgin olive oil can act at various levels to protect individuals against cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases, cancer, and osteoporosis, among others. Polyphenols in extra-virgin olive oil can stimulate the proliferation of osteoblasts, modify their antigen profile, and promote alkaline phosphatase synthesis. The objective of this work was to determine the effect of different extra-virgin olive oil phenolic compounds on the gene expression of osteoblast-related markers. The cells of the MG63 osteoblast line were cultured for 24 h with 10-6 M of the phenolic compounds ferulic acid, caffeic acid, coumaric acid, apigenin, or luteolin. The expression of studied markers was quantified using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (q-RT-PCR). The expression by MG63 osteoblasts of growth and differentiation/maturation markers was modified after 24 h of treatment with 10-6 M of the phenolic compounds under study, most of which increased the gene expression of the transforming growth factor 1 (TGF- 1), TGF- receptor 1,2 and 3 (TGF- R1, TGF- R2, TGF- R3), bone morphogenetic protein 2 and 7 (BMP2, BMP7), run-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX-2), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP), Osteocalcin (OSC), Osterix (OSX), Collagen type I (Col-I) and osteoprotegerin (OPN). The extra-virgin olive oil phenolic compounds may have a beneficial effect on bone by modulating osteoblast physiology, which would support their protective effect against bone pathologies.