Optimal Depressants and Collector Dosage in Fluorite Flotation Process Based on DoE Methodology
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AuthorCorpas-Martínez, José Raúl; Pérez, Antonio; Amor-Castillo, Celso; Navarro-Domínguez, Rafael; Martín-Lara, María Ángeles; Calero, Mónica
Corpas-Martínez, José Raúl; Pérez, Antonio; Amor-Castillo, Celso; Navarro-Domínguez, Rafael; Martín-Lara, María Ángeles; Calero, Mónica. Optimal Depressants and Collector Dosage in Fluorite Flotation Process Based on DoE Methodology. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 366. [http://hdl.handle.net/10481/54839]
SponsorshipThis research was funded by company MINERA DE ÓRGIVA, S.L., Spain”.
Alternative processes have been proposed for selective separation of fluorite and gangue minerals (carbonates and silicates) present in fluorspar ores. Calcination and gravity separation processes are methods that have low efficiency and high cost. Flotation is a chemical process that becomes important when high ore grades are required; however, the selectivity is inhibited by the superficial similarity of the chemical composition of minerals. Accordingly, interactions between dissolved ionic species of fluorite, carbonates, and silicates with some reagents under determinate conditions obstruct the flotation process. In order to optimize the flotation process of a Spanish fluorite ore, this research uses a mathematical model. In this study, the variables were the dose of potato starch, quebracho tree, white dextrine, oleic acid, and sodium silicate. On the other hand, the factors studied were the law of carbonates, silica, and fluorite, in addition to the metallurgical recovery of fluorite. The statistical technique of factor analysis that relates the variables and factors allowed to the optimization of the reagent dosage. Maximum metallurgical recovery was achieved without sacrificing the fluorite grade. The mathematical model adjusts satisfactorily to the results with a correlation coefficient of 91.58% for metallurgical recovery and 98.51% for fluorite grade. Optimizing the process 60.45% of metallurgical recovery and 68.99% of fluorite grade are achieve in the roughing step, using a dosage of 1.68 g.kg-1 of potato starch, 0.86 g.kg-1 of quebracho tree, 1.25 g.kg-1 of dextrin, 3 g.kg-1 of oleic acid, and 0.85 g.kg-1 of water glass.