Design of colorimetric nanostructured sensor phases for simple and fast quantification of low concentrations of acid vapors
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AuthorFernández Ramos, María Dolores; Bastida Armesto, M.; Blanc García, María Rosario; Capitán Vallvey, Luis Fermín; Medina Castillo, Antonio Luis
Color nanostructured membranesAcid vaporsNanostructured sensing phasesPANICultural heritageIndoor environments
Fernández-Ramos, M.D... [et al.]. Design of colorimetric nanostructured sensor phases for simple and fast quantification of low concentrations of acid vapors. Microchim Acta 190, 160 (2023). [https://doi.org/10.1007/s00604-023-05723-0]
SponsorshipUniversidad de Granada/ CBUA
Two colorimetric nanostructured sensor phases (Color-NSPs) for the determination of low concentrations of acid vapors in the atmosphere of paper storage rooms have been designed and characterized. The acid vapor determination is based on the color change that occurs in polyaniline (PANI) in the presence of acids when it goes from its emeraldine base form (blue) to its emeraldine salt form (green). To synthesize the Color-NSPs, two methods have been used, a one-step method performed by grafting polyaniline onto a cellulose membrane (Cellu-PANI) and a two-step method in which in the first step, polyaniline is grafted onto the surface of polymeric nanoparticles (NPs-PANI), and in a second step, NPs-PANI are immobilized into the pores of a nylon membrane (Nylon-NPs PANI). The response of the sensors versus acid vapor was measured by color coordinates with a photographic camera. A linear response range from 1 ppmv to 7 ppmv was found for both sensors, and the detection limits were 0.95 ppmv (1.2 % RSD) and 0.40 ppmv (0.8 % RSD) for Cellu-PANI and Nylon-NPs PANI, respectively. In addition, both sensors showed complete reversibility and a short exposition time (5 min). The potential applicability of the Color-NSPs in the control of the exposure of paper heritage collections to outdoor- and indoor-generated gaseous pollutants was demonstrated by determining acid vapors in museums. The method was validated with an external reference method; the paired test was applied, and p-values greater than 5% were obtained, indicating an excellent correlation and showing that the Color-NSPs reported are simple, fast, and an economical alternative to control and protect cultural heritage materials in indoor environments.