Exploratory scenarios for the differential nuclear and tidal evolution of TZ Fornacis
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Binaries: eclipsingBinaries: generalStars: evolutionStars: interiorsStars: fundamental parametersStars: rotation
Claret, A. (2022). Exploratory scenarios for the differential nuclear and tidal evolution of TZ Fornacis. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 664, A101. [https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/202243573]
SponsorshipSpanish Government ESP2017-87676-C5-2-R PID2019-107061GB-C64 PID2019-109522GB-C52; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU SEV-2017-0709
Aims. TZ Fornacis is a double-lined eclipsing binary system with similar masses (2.057 +/- 0.001 and 1.958 +/- 0.001 M-circle dot) but characterized by very different radii (8.28 +/- 0.22 and 3.94 +/- 0.17 R-circle dot). This similarity in terms of mass makes it possible to study the system's differential stellar evolution as well as some aspects of its tidal evolution. With regard to its orbital elements, it was recently confirmed that its orbit is circular with an orbital period of 75.7 days. The less massive component rotates about 17 times faster than the primary one, which is synchronized with the mean orbital angular velocity. Our main objective in this work is to study both the nuclear and the tidal evolution of the system. Methods. To model the TZ For system, we used the MESA package, computing the grids using the exact observed masses, radii, and effective temperatures as input, and then varying the metallicity, the core overshooting amount, and the mixing-length parameter. A chi(2) statistic was used to infer the optimal values of the core overshooting and the mixing-length parameters. The same procedure was used to generate rotating models with the GRANADA code. The respective errors in the average age of TZ For were less than 5%. On the other hand, the differential equations that govern the tidal evolution were integrated using the fifth-order Runge-Kutta method, ith a tolerance of 1 x 10(-7). Results. We explored two scenarios regarding the initial eccentricities: a high one (0.30) and a case of an initial circular orbit. A good agreement has been found between the observational values of the eccentricity, synchronism levels, and orbital period with the values predicted by the integration of the tidal evolution equations. The influence of the friction timescale on the evolution of the orbital elements of TZ For is also studied here. The orbital elements most affected by the uncertainties in the friction timescale are the synchronism levels of the two components. On the other hand, we used the properties of the rotating models generated by the GRANADA code as the initial angular velocities instead of using trial values. In this case, comparisons between the theoretical values of the orbital elements and their observed counterparts also lead to a good interagreement.