Association of shivering threshold time with body composition and brown adipose tissue in young adults
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AuthorSardjoe Mishre, Aashley S. D.; Martínez Téllez, Borja Manuel; Acosta, Francisco M.; Sánchez Delgado, Guillermo; Ruiz Ruiz, Jonatan
Brown fatCold perceptionShivering timeThermogenesis
Aashley S.D. Sardjoe Mishre... [et al.]. Association of shivering threshold time with body composition and brown adipose tissue in young adults, Journal of Thermal Biology, Volume 108, 2022, 103277, ISSN 0306-4565, [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtherbio.2022.103277]
SponsorshipSpanish Government PI13/01393 PTA 12264-I; Retos de la Sociedad DEP 2016-79512-R; European Commission; Spanish Government FPU 13/03410; Fundacion Iberoamericana de Nutricion (FINUT); Redes Tematicas de Investigacion Cooperativa RETIC Red SAMID RD16/0022; AstraZeneca; University of Granada Plan Propio de Investigacion 2016 - Excellence actions: Unit of Excellence on Exercise and Health (UCEES); Plan Propio de Investigacion 2018: Programa ContratosPuente; Junta de Andalucia, Consejeria de Conocimiento, Investigacion y Universidades (ERDF) SOMM17/6107/UGR; Fundacion Carolina C.2016-574,961; Fundacion Alfonso Martin Escudero; Ministerio de Universidades y la Union Europea-NextGenerationEU RR_C_2021_04
Purpose: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) increases metabolic heat production in response to cold exposure. Body size and composition are involved in the human cold response, yet the influence of BAT herein have not fully been explored. Here, we aimed to study the association of the cold-induced shivering threshold time with body composition, BAT, the perception of shivering and skin temperature in young adults. Methods: 110 young healthy adults (81 females; age = 21.7 ± 2.1 years, BMI = 24.2 ± 4.3 kg/m2) underwent 2 h of individualized cooling, followed by the quantification of BAT using a18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scan. Body mass index (BMI), lean mass, fat mass and body surface area (BSA) were also measured. Shivering threshold time was defined as the time until shivering occurred using an individualized cooling protocol. Results: The shivering threshold time was on average 116.1 min for males and 125.8 min for females, and was positively associated to BMI (β = 3.106; R2 = 0.141; p = 0.001), lean mass (β = 2.295; R2 = 0.128; p = 0.001) and fat mass (β = 1.492; R2 = 0.121; p = 0.001) in females, but not in males (all p ≥ 0.409). The shivering threshold time was positively associated with BSA in males (p = 0.047) and females (p = 0.001), but it was not associated with BAT volume or [18F]FDG uptake nor with the perception of shivering and skin temperature perception in both sexes. Conclusion: The shivering threshold time is positively associated with whole-body adiposity and lean mass in females, but not in males. The shivering threshold time was positively associated with BSA, but no association was observed with BAT nor with the perception of shivering or skin temperature. Future research should consider the influence of body composition when applying cooling protocols among individuals with different phenotypical features.