Viva Mulher: Constructing a cervical cancer control program in Brazil
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Universidad de Granada
Cervical cancerCancer controlHistory of cancer control in BrazilHistory of diseaseHistory of public policyCáncer de cuello de úteroControl del cáncerHistoria del control del cáncer en BrasilHistoria de la enfermedadHistoria de las políticas públicas
Porto, M. A., A. B. B. H. Paula. «Viva Mulher : Constructing a Cervical Cancer Control Program in Brazil». Dynamis: Acta Hispanica Ad Medicinae Scientiarumque Historiam Illustrandam, Vol. 34, Núm. 1, 1, p. 101-23.
Through a number of isolated initiatives that began in the 1960s, Brazil accumulated knowledge and experience that in the late 1990s culminated in the implementation of the first nationwide public health action meant to coordinate health bodies and personnel from the federal, state, and municipal administrative levels to address a chronic degenerative disease. The main goal of this article is to analyze the process of construction of this public policy for cancer control in Brazil —more specifically, organized screening for the control of cervical cancer in the form of the Viva Mulher program. Our analytical approach relies on elements from the history of public policy and from the history of institutions, combining the use of documental sources, scientific literature, and interviews with managers involved in the process under study. Our analysis endeavors to show how and to what extent this national process incorporated the experiences of local projects and responded both to pressure from the social movement and to the country’s political environment. It further shows how the new context, shaped by changes in the organization of the Brazilian health system, influenced this process.
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