Superconvergent Nyström and Degenerate Kernel Methods for Integro-Differential Equations
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Degenerate kernel methodNyström methodFredholm integro-differential equation
Saou, A... [et al.]. Superconvergent Nyström and Degenerate Kernel Methods for Integro-Differential Equations. Mathematics 2022, 10, 893. [https://doi.org/10.3390/math10060893]
SponsorshipUniversity of Granada
The aim of this paper is to carry out an improved analysis of the convergence of the Nystrom and degenerate kernel methods and their superconvergent versions for the numerical solution of a class of linear Fredholm integro-differential equations of the second kind. By using an interpolatory projection at Gauss points onto the space of (discontinuous) piecewise polynomial functions of degree <= r - 1, we obtain convergence order 2r for degenerate kernel and Nystrom methods, while, for the superconvergent and the iterated versions of theses methods, the obtained convergence orders are 3r + 1 and 4r, respectively. Moreover, we show that the optimal convergence order 4r is restored at the partition knots for the approximate solutions. The obtained theoretical results are illustrated by some numerical examples.