Capillary microfluidic platform for sulfite determination in wines
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AuthorArroyo, Manuel J.; Orbe Payá, Ignacio De; Ortega Muñoz, Mariano; Vilar Tenorio, Jose; Gallego, David; Mohr, Gerhard J; Capitán Vallvey, Luis Fermín; Erenas Rodríguez, Miguel María
µPADSulfite determinationColorimetryWine analysisPoint-of-needµTPAD
Sensors & Actuators: B. Chemical 359 (2022) 131549
SponsorshipThis work was founded by Spanish “Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad” (Projects PID2019-103938RB-I00) and Junta de Andalucía (Projects B-FQM-243-UGR18 and P18-RT-2961). The projects were partially supported by European Regional Development Funds (ERDF).
A microfluidic paper-based analytical device integrating a chromoreactand – a formylazo dye– has been fabri- cated and used for a colorimetric assay of sulfites. The chromoreactand was covalently linked to paper by vinyl sulfone chemistry. This work presents two robust capillary microfluidic devices to determine sulfite in wine without any pretreatment. One of them based on thread (µTPAD) useful to determine it in white wine and another based on paper (µPAD) to specifically determine sulfite in red wine as well as in white wine. Both are based on the selective recognition of sulfite by means of a chromoreactand that turns from orange to yellow in the presence of sulfite. The colour information acquired (H coordinate) using a digital camera readout allows for a range of appli- cation of the µTPAD from 7.8⋅10−5 M (8.1 mg L−1) to 2.7⋅10−3 M (279.3 mg L−1) with a limit of detection (LOD) of 78 µM. The strong interference caused by the dyes present in red wine is eliminated by including a laminated paper channel in the µPAD structure that allows for the separation of colorants from red wine before the recognition of the sulfite. This makes it possible to adjust the µPAD procedure to the usual sulfite concentration in wine, with an LOD of 2.2⋅10−4 M (22.7 mg L−1) and a CV of 2.6%.