The impact of human occupancy in thermal performance of a historic religious building in sub-humid temperate climate
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Dynamic simulationThermal performanceReligious buildingsOccupancy impactPassive cooling system
Claudia Eréndira Vázquez-Torres, A. Beizaee and D. Bienvenido-Huertas. The impact of human occupancy in thermal performance of a historic religious building in sub-humid temperate climate. Energy & Buildings 259 (2022) 111912 [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2022.111912]
SponsorshipUniversidad de Granada / CBUA
The level of human occupancy in historic religious buildings influences the internal heat gains and thus the thermal comfort of the users. The temperate climate represents a challenge due to variations in tem- perature and relative humidity throughout the year, which are by no means extreme. Knowledge regard- ing human occupancy in historic religious buildings in temperate climates increases the possibilities of controlling and staying within a given comfort range for the users benefit. The objective was to determine the impact of occupancy on the thermal performance of a historic religious building located in sub-humid temperate climate, to increase the knowledge and to generate opportunities to decrease the excessive use of active systems prevalent today. The objective was approached with a numerical method that included monitoring periods and dynamic simulation to determine a novel passive cooling system that would maintain a determined comfort tem- perature for the longest time in summer. By implementing a novel passive cooling system, the results showed an impact on the operative temperature according to occupancy level, which reduced the cooling degree-hour by 80% and 66% at the upper occupancy with 80% and 90% satisfaction levels, respectively.