CI-Dataset and DetDSCI Methodology for Detecting Too Small and Too Large Critical Infrastructures in Satellite Images: Airports and Electrical Substations as Case Study
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AuthorPérez Hernández, Francisco; Rodriguez Ortega, José; Benhammou, Yassir; Herrera Triguero, Francisco; Tabik, Siham
Convolutional neuronal networksDetectionOrtho-imagesRemote sensing images
PerezHernandez, F., Rodriguez-Ortega, J., Benhammou, Y., Herrera, F., & Tabik, S. (2021). CI-dataset and DetDSCI methodology for detecting too small and too large critical infrastructures in satellite images: Airports and electrical substations as case study. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing. [doi: 10.1109/JSTARS.2021.3128994]
The detection of critical infrastructures in large territories represented by aerial and satellite images is of high importance in several fields such as in security, anomaly detection, land use planning and land use change detection. However, the detection of such infrastructures is complex as they have highly variable shapes and sizes, i.e., some infrastructures, such as electrical substations, are too small while others, such as airports, are too large. Besides, airports can have a surface area either small or too large with completely different shapes, which makes its correct detection challenging. As far as we know, these limitations have not been tackled yet in previous works. This paper presents (1) a smart Critical Infrastructure dataset, named CI-dataset, organized into two scales, small and large scales critical infrastructures and (2) a two-level resolution-independent critical infrastructure detection (DetDSCI) methodology that first determines the spatial resolution of the input image using a classification model, then analyses the image using the appropriate detector for that spatial resolution. The present study targets two representative classes, airports and electrical substations. Our experiments show that DetDSCI methodology achieves up to 37.53% F1 improvement with respect to Faster R-CNN, one of the most influential detection models.