Association between Active Transportation and Public Transport with an Objectively Measured Meeting of Moderate-To-Vigorous Physical Activity and Daily Steps Guidelines in Adults by Sex from Eight Latin American Countries
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Physical activityActive transportationPublic transportPublic healthSteps per day
Herreros-Irarrázabal, D.; Guzmán-Habinger, J.; Mahecha Matsudo, S.; Kovalskys, I.; Gómez, G.; Rigotti, A.; Cortés, L.Y.; Yépez García, M.C.; Pareja, R.G.; Herrera-Cuenca, M.; et al. Association between Active Transportation and Public Transport with an Objectively Measured Meeting of Moderate-To-Vigorous Physical Activity and Daily Steps Guidelines in Adults by Sex from Eight Latin American Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 11553. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph182111553
SponsorshipFieldwork and data analysis formulated in the ELANS protocol was supported by a scientific grant from the Coca Cola Company (2014/24168-6), and by grant and/or support from Instituto Pensi/Hospital Infantil Sabara, International Life Science Institute of Argentina, Universidad de Costa Rica, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Universidad Central de Venezuela (CENDES-UCV)/Fundación Bengoa, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, and Instituto de Investigación Nutricional de Peru. The funding sponsors had no role in study design; the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; writing of the manuscript; or in the decision to publish the results.
This study aimed to examine the associations between active transportation and public transport and the objectively measured meeting of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and steps per day guidelines in adults by sex from eight Latin American countries. As part of the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS), data were collected from 2524 participants aged 18–65 years. MVPA and steps per day were evaluated using Actigraph GT3X accelerometers. The mode of transportation, its frequency and duration were collected using a self-reported questionnaire. The average time dedicated to active transportation was 12.8 min/day in men (IQR: 2.8–30.0) and 12.9 min/day in women (IQR: 4.3–25.7). A logistic regression analysis was conducted, showing that active transportation (≥10 min) was associated with higher odds of meeting MVPA guidelines (men: OR: 2.01; 95%CI: 1.58–2.54; women: OR: 1.57; 95%CI: 1.25–1.96). These results show a greater association when considering active transportation plus public transport (men: OR: 2.98; 95%CI: 2.31–3.91; women: OR: 1.82; 95%CI: 1.45–2.29). Active transportation plus public transport was positively associated with meeting steps per day guidelines only in men (OR: 1.55; 95%CI: 1.15–2.10). This study supports the suggestion that active transportation plus public transport is significantly associated with meeting the MVPA and daily steps recommendations.