Testing the Structural Validity of the Self-Stigma Scale in Relatives of People with Autism in the Spanish Context
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AuthorAguilar Parra, José Manuel; Megias, María M.; Trigueros, Rubén; Mercader, Isabel; Fernández Jiménez, Carolina; Fernández Campoy, Juan Miguel
Aguilar-Parra, J.M.; Megias, M.M.; Trigueros, R.; Mercader, I.; Fernández-Jiménez, C.; Fernández-Campoy, J.M. Testing the Structural Validity of the Self-Stigma Scale in Relatives of People with Autism in the Spanish Context. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 7384. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph18147384
Sometimes, relatives of children with autism experience feelings of guilt, abandonment and devaluation, as they tend to see themselves as the cause of their children’s illness. This causes social isolation and psychological discomfort. However, there are no scales that assess self-stigma. Therefore, the aim of the study is to show evidence of the validity and reliability of the Self-Stigma Scale in Relatives of People with Mental Illness in the Spanish context in relation to autism. A total of 287 progenitors participated in the study. For the validation and adaptation process, three confirmatory factor analyses, analysis of invariance across gender, reliability analysis and temporal stability, were carried out. The results revealed that the factor structure of the questionnaire was adequate, showing adequate levels of reliability.