Adaptation of the Educational Motivation Scale Into a Short Form With Multigroup Analysis in a Vocational Training and Baccalaureate Setting
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AuthorExpósito López, Jorge; Romero Díaz de la Guardia, José Javier; Olmedo Moreno, Eva María; Pistón Rodríguez, María Dolores; Chacón Cuberos, Ramón
Frontiers Research Foundation
MotivationScale adaptationVocational trainingAutodetermination theorySEM
Expósito-López J... [et al.] (2021) Adaptation of the Educational Motivation Scale Into a Short Form With Multigroup Analysis in a Vocational Training and Baccalaureate Setting. Front. Psychol. 12:663834. doi: [10.3389/fpsyg.2021.663834]
SponsorshipEuropean Commission B-SEJ-192-UGR18
The aim of the present study was to adapt the educational motivation scale into an abbreviated version (EMS-SF), in addition to analyzing its psychometric properties for use with vocational training (VT) and baccalaureate students using structural equations. A cross-sectional and ex post facto study was conducted with a sample of 1,159 students from the autonomous community of Andalusia (Spain). IBM SPSSR and IBM AMOSR software programs were used for data analysis. With regard to the main outcomes, the scale reflected good fit indices in its short form, presenting a more parsimonious and easily understood questionnaire. The questionnaire was reduced from a total of 28–19 items. In the same way, the number of dimensions was reduced from seven to four, facilitating scale understanding and interpretation according to selfdetermination theory. As a main finding, it was observed that the most relevant items for baccalaureate students pertained to the pleasure derived from discovering things and to overcoming challenges, whereas in VT students, items pertaining to the satisfaction generated from exerting effort, achieving one’s best and being well paid were more relevant. In conclusion, findings urge the need to strengthen intrinsic motivation in VT students with the aim of avoiding demotivation and poor academic performance.