Nigella Plants – Traditional Uses, Bioactive Phytoconstituents, Preclinical and Clinical Studies
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Frontiers Research Foundation
NigellaCancerPharmacological propertiesFunctional ingredientsMetabolic syndromeThymoquinone
Salehi B, Quispe C, Imran M, Ul-Haq I, Zˇ ivkovic´ J, Abu-Reidah IM, Sen S, Taheri Y, Acharya K, Azadi H, del Mar Contreras M, Segura-Carretero A, Mnayer D, Sethi G, Martorell M, Abdull Razis AF, Sunusi U, Kamal RM, Rasul Suleria HA and Sharifi-Rad J (2021) Nigella Plants – Traditional Uses, Bioactive Phytoconstituents, Preclinical and Clinical Studies. Front. Pharmacol. 12:625386. doi: [10.3389/fphar.2021.625386]
PatrocinadorPrograma Operativo FEDER 2014-2020 1260905; Junta de Andalucia 1260905; CONICYT PIA/APOYO CCTE AFB170007
Nigella is a small genus of the family Ranunculaceae, which includes some popular species due to their culinary and medicinal properties, especially in Eastern Europe, Middle East, Western, and Central Asia. Therefore, this review covers the traditional uses and phytochemical composition of Nigella and, in particular, Nigella sativa. The pharmacological studies reported in vitro, in vivo, and in humans have also been reviewed. One of the main strength of the use of Nigella is that the seeds are rich in the omega-6 fatty acid linoleic acid and provide an extra-source of dietary phytochemicals, including the bioactive thymoquinone, and characteristics saponins, alkaloids, and flavonoids. Among Nigella species, N. sativa L. is the most studied plant from the genus. Due to the phytochemical composition and pharmacological properties, the seed and seed oil from this plant can be considered as good candidates to formulate functional ingredients on the basis of folklore and scientific knowledge. Nonetheless, the main limations are that more studies, especially, clinical trials are required to standardize the results, e.g. to establish active molecules, dosage, chemical profile, long-term effects and impact of cooking/incorporation into foods.