Determining Factors in the Use of Urban Parks That Influence the Practice of Physical Activity in Children: A Systematic Review
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AuthorPadial Ruz, Rosario; Puga González, María Esther; Céspedes Jiménez, Álvaro; Cabello Manrique, David
Urban parksChildrenUser perceptionDesignPhysical activityHealth
Padial-Ruz, R.; Puga- González, M.E.; Céspedes-Jiménez, Á.; Cabello-Manrique, D. Determining Factors in the Use of Urban Parks That Influence the Practice of Physical Activity in Children: A Systematic Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 3648. [https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18073648]
The design and/or remodelling of urban parks is a good health strategy to alleviate the lack of physical activity (PA) in children and, consequently, the different health problems derived from this. The main objective of the present study was to obtain a systematic review of the design features and characteristics that influence users' visits to urban parks and the PA engagement in them. A literature search was carried out in the Web of Science (WOS) and Scopus databases during the months of June and July 2020. After considering and applying inclusion criteria, the final review sample was formed of 31 scientific papers published between 2010-2020. The results obtained in the review lead us to conclude that the needs of the population (children and family members who care for them) and socio-economic context of the area in which they are built must be considered when constructing and/or remodelling parks. Involving community members in playground renovations can have a positive effect on park use and PA engagement in children.