Doxycycline-Doped Polymeric Membranes Induced Growth, Differentiation and Expression of Antigenic Phenotype Markers of Osteoblasts
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AuthorToledano Osorio, Manuel; Manzano Moreno, Francisco Javier; Toledano Pérez, Manuel; Medina Castillo, Antonio Luis; Costela Ruiz, Víctor Javier; Ruiz Rodríguez, Concepción; Osorio Ruiz, Raquel
CD markersDoxycyclineAntigenic phenotypeOsteoblastsMembrane
Toledano-Osorio, M.; Manzano-Moreno, F.J.; Toledano, M.; Medina-Castillo, A.L.; Costela-Ruiz, V.J.; Ruiz, C.; Osorio, R. Doxycycline-Doped Polymeric Membranes Induced Growth, Differentiation and Expression of Antigenic Phenotype Markers of Osteoblasts. Polymers 2021, 13, 1063. [https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13071063]
SponsorshipEuropean Commission MAT2017-85999-P A-BIO-157-UGR-18/FEDER; Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness MAT2017-85999-P; University of Granada/Regional Government of Andalusia Research Fund from Spain A-BIO-157-UGR-18/FEDER
Polymeric membranes are employed in guided bone regeneration (GBR) as physical barriers to facilitate bone in-growth. A bioactive and biomimetic membrane with the ability to participate in the healing and regeneration of the bone is necessary. The aim of the present study was to analyze how novel silicon dioxide composite membranes functionalized with zinc or doxycycline can modulate the osteoblasts' proliferation, differentiation, and expression of selected antigenic markers related to immunomodulation. Nanostructured acrylate-based membranes were developed, blended with silica, and functionalized with zinc or doxycycline. They were subjected to MG63 osteoblast-like cells culturing. Proliferation was assessed by MTT-assay, differentiation by evaluating the alkaline phosphatase activity by a spectrophotometric method and antigenic phenotype was assessed by flow cytometry for selected markers. Mean comparisons were conducted by one-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (p < 0.05). The blending of silica nanoparticles in the tested non-resorbable polymeric scaffold improved the proliferation and differentiation of osteoblasts, but doxycycline doped scaffolds attained the best results. Osteoblasts cultured on doxycycline functionalized membranes presented higher expression of CD54, CD80, CD86, and HLA-DR, indicating a beneficial immunomodulation activity. Doxycycline doped membranes may be a potential candidate for use in GBR procedures in several challenging pathologies, including periodontal disease.