Factors Associated with Exposure to Dietary Bisphenols in Adolescents
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AuthorRobles Aguilera, Virginia; Gálvez Ontiveros, Yolanda; Rodrigo Conde Salazar, Lourdes T.; Salcedo Bellido, Inmaculada; Aguilera Gómez, Margarita; Zafra Gómez, Alberto; Monteagudo Sánchez, Celia; Rivas Velasco, Ana María
Bisphenol ABisphenol-SDietary exposureAdolescentsBody mass index
Robles-Aguilera, V.; Gálvez-Ontiveros, Y.; Rodrigo, L.; Salcedo-Bellido, I.; Aguilera, M.; Zafra-Gómez, A.; Monteagudo, C.; Rivas, A. Factors Associated with Exposure to Dietary Bisphenols in Adolescents. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1553. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13051553
SponsorshipGP/EFSA/ENCO/380 2018/03/G04: OBEMIRISK: Knowledge platform for assessing the risk of bisphenol on gut microbiota and its role in obesogenic phenotypes: looking for biomarkers’ framework; Plan Estatal de I + D + I 2013–2016; FEDER-ISCIII PI17/01758; FEDER-Consejería de Salud y Familias; Junta de Andalucía PE-0250–2019; FEDER-Junta de Andalucía-Consejería de Transformación Económica, Industria, Conocimiento y Universidades/ Proyecto P18-RT-4247; Fundación Mapfre MAPFRE2018
Obesogenic endocrine-disrupting chemicals, such as bisphenol A (BPA) and its analogue bisphenol S (BPS), seem to play an important role in the development of obesity, although contradictory results have been reported. The aim of the present study was to conduct a gender analysis of the factors associated with exposure to dietary bisphenols in 585 Spanish adolescents. Dietary BPA and BPS exposure was assessed using a food frequency questionnaire. Foods and macronutrients accounting for more than 95% of energy intake were selected for analysis. Stepwise regression was used to estimate the foods that most contributed to dietary bisphenol exposure in the sample. Gender-related factors associated with greater dietary bisphenol exposure were evaluated using multivariate logistic regression models. Canned tuna was the main dietary source of BPA and BPS in both adolescent boys and girls. Overweight/obese girls showed a higher risk of high dietary exposure to BPA (odds ratio (OR): 3.38, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.25–9.07) and total bisphenols (OR: 2.81, 95% CI: 1.03–7.67) in comparison with girls with a BMI lower than 25 kg/m2 . Present results indicate a positive association of dietary exposure to both total bisphenols and BPA with being overweight/obese in adolescent girls.