Influence of the characteristics of the house and place of residence in the daily educational activities of children during the period of COVID-19’ confinement
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AuthorZagalaz Sánchez, María Luisa; Cachón Zagalaz, Javier; Arufe Giráldez, Víctor; Sanmiguel Rodríguez, Alberto; González Valero, Gabriel
María Luisa Zagalaz-Sánchez, Javier Cachón-Zagalaz, Víctor Arufe-Giráldez, Alberto Sanmiguel-Rodríguez, Gabriel González-Valero, Influence of the characteristics of the house and place of residence in the daily educational activities of children during the period of COVID-19’ confinement, Heliyon, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2021, e06392, ISSN 2405-8440, [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06392]
The period of confinement motivated by the COVID-19 pandemic and established by the governments of different countries has influenced the lifestyle of millions of children, not being able to continue carrying out multiple educational activities as they did until confinement. The objective of this research was to determine and analyze whether the living conditions of children during the period of confinement caused by COVID-19 influenced their daily educational activities. A descriptive, comparative and cross- sectional quantitative study with a non-experimental design was carried out, with a single measurement in a single group. Factors associate with living conditions were analyzed, such as the place of residence and the type of house in which Spanish children have been confined, as well as the number and use of technological devices. The parents' perception of the children's state of fatigue, happiness, energy and tiredness was also analyzed. We have worked with a sample of 837 Spanish children. As a data collection instrument, the validated questionnaire on Equipment and Use of Information and Communication Technologies in Households (TIC-H2019) of the National Statistics Institute (INE) was used, following the recommendations of the Statistical Office of the European Union (EUROSTAT). The results confirm some statistically significant influence of the conditions of the house and place of residence on the daily time dedicated to different educational activities such as reading, physical activity, free play or use of technological devices between children residing in small flats and those residing in large flats or houses with garden and those residing in urban and rural settings.