A School-Based Randomized Controlled Trial to Promote Cycling to School in Adolescents: The PACO Study
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AuthorChillón Garzón, Palma; Gálvez-Fernández, Patricia; Huertas Delgado, Francisco Javier; Herrador Colmenero, Manuel; Barranco Ruiz, Yaira; Villa González, Emilio; Aranda Balboa, María Jesús; Saucedo Araujo, Romina Gisele; Campos-Garzón, Pablo; Molina Soberanes, Daniel; Segura Díaz, José Manuel
Active transportYouthBicycleExerciseSchool intervention
Chillón, P.; GálvezFernández, P.; Huertas-Delgado, F.J.; Herrador-Colmenero, M.; BarrancoRuiz, Y.; Villa-González, E.; ArandaBalboa, M.J.; Saucedo-Araujo, R.G.; Campos-Garzón, P.; MolinaSoberanes, D.; et al. A School-Based Randomized Controlled Trial to Promote Cycling to School in Adolescents: The PACO Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2066. https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph18042066
SponsorshipSpanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness; European Regional Development Fund (MINECO/FEDER, UE) DEP2016-75598-R; Spanish Ministry of Education and Vocational Training FPU17/03934 FPU18/04521; University of Granada, Plan Propio de Investigacion 2016, Excellence actions: Units of Excellence; Unit of Excellence on Exercise and Health (UCEES); Junta de Andalucia, Consejeria de Conocimiento, Investigacion y Universidades, European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) SOMM17/6107/UGR; Junta de Andalucia; European Social Fund (ESF); Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACyT) 410668
This manuscript describes the rationale and protocol of a school-based randomized controlled trial called “Cycling and Walk to School” (PACO, by its Spanish acronym) that aims to promote cycling to and from school and physical activity (PA) in adolescents. This study will examine the effects of this intervention in cycling and active commuting to and from school (ACS), PA and several ACS-related factors based on self-determination theory (SDT) and a social-ecological model (SEM). A total of 360 adolescents attending six high schools (three experimental and three control) from three Spanish cities will participate in this randomized controlled trial. The intervention (four cycling sessions; 1–2 h per session, one session per week) will be conducted by the research staff; the control group will continue their usual activities. PA levels will be measured by accelerometers, whereas ACS and the other study variables will be self-reported using questionnaires at baseline and post-intervention. The primary outcomes will be: rates of cycling to school, ACS and PA levels. In addition, SDT-related variables and individual, interpersonal, community, and environment variables relevant to ACS will be based on SEM. The findings will provide a comprehensive understanding of the short-term effects of this school-based intervention on cycling to school behaviour, ACS and PA levels in Spanish adolescents.