Basic Psychological Needs and Their Association with Academic Factors in the Spanish University Context
MetadataShow full item record
Higher educationMotivationAcademic performanceGrantTeaching
Chacón-Cuberos, R.; Lara-Sánchez, A.J.; Castro-Sánchez, M. Basic Psychological Needs and Their Association with Academic Factors in the Spanish University Context. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2449. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052449
Motivational development represents a key element for academic performance in the university context. A non-experimental study with a cross-sectional and ex post facto design through a single measurement in a single group was conducted. The sample was made up of a total of 2736 university students (♂= 33.8% (n = 924); ♀= 66.2% (n = 1812)) belonging to a total of 19 Spanish universities. The main instrument used was the Basic Psychological Needs scale, using the IBM SPSS 22.0 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA) software for data analysis. The results showed that the need for autonomy was higher in social sciences students, those who accessed their studies through vocational training and those who attended their degree in person. In addition, this need was positively related to score, but inversely related to age and grade. The need for competence was higher in students who studied in private centers, those who accessed their university studies through other ways and those students who studied online. Likewise, this need was directly related to the score. Finally, it should be noted that the need for relationships was higher in university students from public institutions, students who accessed their studies through vocational training and those who studied in face-to-face universities. The need for a relationship correlated positively with the score, although with less strength than other needs. In this way, the relevance of various academic factors in the motivational development of students can be established, from which various educational implications are derived in order to favor academic performance.