Identification of Potential Meniere’s Disease Targets in the Adult Stria Vascularis
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Frontiers Media SA
Stria vascularisSingle-cellNucleusRNA-SeqMeniere’sIon homeostasis
Gu S, Olszewski R, Nelson L, Gallego-Martinez A, Lopez-Escamez JA and Hoa M (2021) Identification of Potential Meniere’s Disease Targets in the Adult Stria Vascularis. Front. Neurol. 12:630561. [doi: 10.3389/fneur.2021.630561]
SponsorshipIntramural Research Program of the NIH, NIDCD DC000088; European Commission PI17-1644; FIBAO PE-0356-2018
The stria vascularis generates the endocochlear potential and is involved in processes that underlie ionic homeostasis in the cochlear endolymph, both which play essential roles in hearing. The histological hallmark of Meniere’s disease (MD) is endolymphatic hydrops, which refers to the bulging or expansion of the scala media, which is the endolymph-containing compartment of the cochlea. This histologic hallmark suggests that processes that disrupt ion homeostasis or potentially endocochlear potential may underlie MD. While treatments exist for vestibular symptoms related to MD, effective therapies for hearing fluctuation and hearing loss seen in MD remain elusive. Understanding the potential cell types involved in MD may inform the creation of disease mouse models and provide insight into underlying mechanisms and potential therapeutic targets. For these reasons, we compare published datasets related to MD in humans with our previously published adult mouse stria vascularis single-cell and single-nucleus RNA-Seq datasets to implicate potentially involved stria vascularis (SV) cell types in MD. Finally, we provide support for these implicated cell types by demonstrating co-expression of select candidate genes for MD within SV cell types.