Gender and Socioeconomic Status as Factors of Individual Differences in Pre-University Students’ Decision-Making for Careers, with a Focus on Family Influence and Psychosocial Factors
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AuthorOlmos Gómez, María Del Carmen; Luque Suárez, Mónica Francisca; Becerril Ruiz, Diego; Cuevas Rincón, Jesús Manuel
Family influenceSecondary transition to higher educationCareer guidanceDecision makingPsychosocial factors
Olmos-Gómez, M.d.C.; Luque-Suárez, M.; Becerril-Ruiz, D.; Cuevas-Rincón, J.M. Gender and Socioeconomic Status as Factors of Individual Differences in PreUniversity Students’ DecisionMaking for Careers, with a Focus on Family Influence and Psychosocial Factors. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1344. https:// doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031344
SponsorshipITACA SEJ 131 HUM-983
The present study analyses the influence of family, specifically parents, on the career decisions of their children, and how gender and socioeconomic status influence this choice. Research was carried out using data obtained from a questionnaire administered to a representative sample of students who took the university entrance examination (PEvAU, its Spanish acronym) in Spanish North Africa. A quantitative research design was adopted in which multivariate analysis (MANOVA) was applied anda decision tree, which was also used for graphical and analytical analysis. The main results indicated a significant influence of parents on their children’s choices, this being the best predictor regarding the decision to take the said examination. It was also verified that their choice of Spanish Baccalaureate programme was significantly associated with their selected career path, and gender and socioeconomic status had a significant impact on that decision. These results lead to the need for further research on guidance from secondary education onwards. It would be interesting to analyse factors neglected thus far, such as those related to the cultural environment of students.