Presence of Parabens and Bisphenols in Food Commonly Consumed in Spain
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AuthorGálvez Ontiveros, Yolanda; Moscoso Ruiz, Inmaculada; Rodrigo Conde Salazar, Lourdes T.; Aguilera Gómez, Margarita; Rivas Velasco, Ana María; Zafra Gómez, Alberto
Gálvez-Ontiveros, Y.; Moscoso-Ruiz, I.; Rodrigo, L.; Aguilera, M.; Rivas, A.; Zafra-Gómez, A. Presence of Parabens and Bisphenols in Food Commonly Consumed in Spain. Foods 2021, 10, 92. [https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10010092]
Given the widespread use of bisphenols and parabens in consumer products, the assessment of their intake is crucial and represents the first step towards the assessment of the potential risks that these compounds may pose to human health. In the present study, a total of 98 samples of food items commonly consumed by the Spanish population were collected from different national supermarkets and grocery stores for the determination of parabens and bisphenols. Our analysis demonstrated that 56 of the 98 food samples contained detectable levels of parabens with limits of quantification (LOQ) between 0.4 and 0.9 ng g-1. The total concentration of parabens (sum of four parabens: åparabens) ranged from below the LOQ to 281.7 ng g-1, with a mean value of 73.86 ng g-1. A total of 52% of the samples showed detectable concentrations of bisphenols. Bisphenol A (BPA) was the most frequently detected bisphenol in the food samples analysed, followed by bisphenol S (BPS) and bisphenol E (BPE). Bisphenol AF (BPAF), bisphenol B (BPB) and bisphenol P (BPP) were not found in any of the analysed samples. LOQ for these bisphenols were between 0.4 and 4.0 ng g-1.