New Water Culture versus the Traditional Design and Validation of a Questionnaire to Discriminate between Both
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Benarroch, A.; Rodríguez-Serrano, M.; Ramírez-Segado, A. New Water Culture versus the Traditional Design and Validation of a Questionnaire to Discriminate between Both. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2174. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042174
PatrocinadorJunta de Andalucía Research Group (HUM613) and the Spanish National Plan R+D+i Project; PID2019-105765GA-I00, of the 2019 call, entitled “Citizens with critical thinking: A challenge for teachers in science education”.
This article addresses the process of designing and validating a questionnaire on the New Water Culture, which aims to collect information on various issues related to water, such as its management, savings, and consumption. The questionnaire was subjected to a double validation process: an evaluation by a panel of experts, including members of the New Water Culture Foundation, and a pilot study, which allowed us to estimate the validation of the content as well as the corresponding internal consistency of the questionnaire. The construction and validation process resulted in a questionnaire consisting of 27 items with a total of 71 variables distributed in four sections: the first is related to scarcity, quantity, and distribution of water; the second collects questions about the different dimensions of water; the third analyses the different ways of carrying out water management; and the fourth and last section is related to personal actions associated with water. The reliability study showed a Cronbach alpha of 0.913, which demonstrates the development of a robust and reliable instrument allowing the identification of the most problematic issues associated with the New Water Culture.