Training in Professional Pharmacy Services through Educational Videos
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AuteurZarzuelo Romero, María José; Valverde Merino, María Isabel; Fernández-Rodríguez, María; Amador Fernández, Noelia; Martínez Martínez, Fernando
Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India
Pharmaceutical careTeaching videoMasterPharmacy ServiceEducation
Zarzuelo MJ, Valverde-Merino MI, Fernandez-Rodriguez M, Amador-Fernandez N, Martinez- Martinez F. Training in Professional Pharmacy Services through Educational Videos. Indian J of Pharmaceutical Education and Research. 2020;54(4):881-7. [10.5530/ijper.54.4.181]
Objectives: Pharmaceutical Care is a subject within the Pharmacy degree that can not only be taught using theoretical frameworks but also requires new teaching tools, like a simulated educational video. The objective of this study is to produce simulated patientbased videos as a supplementary teaching tool to deepen the understanding and knowledge of Professional Pharmacy Services. Design: Several videos based on simulated patient cases of the most prevalent Professional Pharmacy Services (medication adherence, medication review with follow-up, dispensing and minor ailment service) were produced and used as a teaching tool within a theoretical lesson in undergraduate and professional training. Methods: A prospective study was performed in two groups: undergraduate students and professional pharmacist. Their opinion about these Educational Videos was evaluated through a questionnaire on a 1-10 scale. Frequencies mean ± standard deviation, median and internal consistency of the survey were analyzed. Values of p<0.05 were considered significant. Results: Undergraduate students (n=90) and professional pharmacists from Master classes (n=59) completed the questionnaire (Cronbach’s α coefficient was 0.8). Statistically significant differences were found in some relevant items between both groups of students, related to the content’s clarity (9.12±1.11 vs 9.72±0.57; p=0.003), simulation of reality (6.60±2.26 vs 8.47±1.23; p<0.001) and correspondence with theory (9.23±1.07 vs 9.64±0.68; p=0.037). General score and most items were rated higher by professional pharmacists than undergraduate students (8.19±0.96 vs 8.84±1.10; p=0.001). Conclusion: Educational videos are an adequate tool for teaching Pharmaceutical Care, adding new layers of learning to Professional Pharmacy Services.