Generation of a novel human dermal substitute functionalized with antibiotic‑loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) with antimicrobial properties for tissue engineering
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AuthorChato Astrain, Jesús; Chato Astrain, Isabel; Sánchez Porras, David; García García, Óscar Darío; Bermejo Casares, Fabiola; Garzón Bello, Ingrid Johanna; Carriel Araya, Víctor; Campos, Fernando; Alaminos Mingorance, Miguel
Tissue engineeringFunctionalizationDermal substituteSevere burnsHuman skinNanostructured lipid carriersColistimethateAmikacin
Chato-Astrain, J., Chato-Astrain, I., Sánchez-Porras, D., García-García, Ó. D., Bermejo-Casares, F., Vairo, C., ... & Alaminos, M. (2020). Generation of a novel human dermal substitute functionalized with antibiotic-loaded nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) with antimicrobial properties for tissue engineering. Journal of Nanobiotechnology, 18(1), 1-13. [https://doi.org/10.1186/s12951-020-00732-0]
SponsorshipNanoGSkin project of EuroNanoMed-III (ERA-NET Cofund scheme of the Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Framework Programme), EU; Instituto de Salud Carlos III AC17/00013; Centro para el Desarrollo Tecnológico Industrial -CDTI 00108589; Spanish Government; Junta de Andalucía PE-0395-2019; Fundacion Benefica Anticancer San Francisco Javier y Santa Candida, Granada, Spain; Department of Economic Development and Infrastructure of the Basque Government budget, through the HAZITEK business R + D support program ZE-2017/00014; European Union (EU) OTRI.35A-07
Background: Treatment of patients affected by severe burns is challenging, especially due to the high risk of Pseudomonas infection. In the present work, we have generated a novel model of bioartificial human dermis substitute by tissue engineering to treat infected wounds using fibrin-agarose biomaterials functionalized with nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) loaded with two anti-Pseudomonas antibiotics: sodium colistimethate (SCM) and amikacin (AMK). Results: Results show that the novel tissue-like substitutes have strong antibacterial effect on Pseudomonas cultures, directly proportional to the NLC concentration. Free DNA quantification, WST-1 and Caspase 7 immunohistochemical assays in the functionalized dermis substitute demonstrated that neither cell viability nor cell proliferation were affected by functionalization in most study groups. Furthermore, immunohistochemistry for PCNA and KI67 and histochemistry for collagen and proteoglycans revealed that cells proliferated and were metabolically active in the functionalized tissue with no differences with controls. When functionalized tissues were biomechanically characterized, we found that NLCs were able to improve some of the major biomechanical properties of these artificial tissues, although this strongly depended on the type and concentration of NLCs. Conclusions: These results suggest that functionalization of fibrin-agarose human dermal substitutes with antibioticloaded NLCs is able to improve the antibacterial and biomechanical properties of these substitutes with no detectable side effects. This opens the door to future clinical use of functionalized tissues.