Adolescents’ Perception of Religious Education According to Religion and Gender in Spain
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Religious educationInterreligiousChristian educationIslamic educationJewish educationHindu education
Olmos-Gómez, M. D. C., López-Cordero, R., García-Segura, S., & Ruiz-Garzón, F. (2020). Adolescents’ Perception of Religious Education According to Religion and Gender in Spain. Religions, 11(11), 616. [doi:10.3390/rel11110616]
The aim of our study is to verify the influence of Religious Education on Spanish adolescents by applying a quantitative study based on descriptive and social research methods which reflect the religious and social plurality of Spain, with a total of 679 secondary education students. By means of the Delphi technique, an exploratory and semi-confirmatory factor analysis, and a confirmatory analysis using structural equations, the psychometric properties of the questionnaire designed are guaranteed. Using a multivariate analysis of variance, after the Levene test, multiple comparisons are made in order to assess the di erence between religions and gender with respect to school Religious Education. Significant di erences and large e ect sizes are found. The results show first that experiences with regard to religion in school are more positive for the group of Christian women and that of Muslim men; second, that the knowledge of religion helps in the daily development of adolescents; third, that men from the two major religious groups and Jewish women demand more autonomy; and lastly, that students consider that the curricular development of religion in school should be reviewed, although it is confirmed that Religious Education is regarded as important for their life and future development.