Dietary Complex and Slow Digestive Carbohydrates Prevent Fat Deposits During Catch-Up Growth in Rats
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AuthorSalto González, Rafael; Girón González, María Dolores; Ortiz Moral, Carolina; Manzano, Manuel; Vílchez, Jose D; Reche Pérez, Francisco José; Bueno Vargas, Pilar; Rueda, Ricardo; López Pedrosa, José Manuel
Catch-up growthCatch-up fat phenotypeInsulin-resistanceMetabolic flexibilitySlow digesting carbohydrates
Salto, R., Girón, M. D., Ortiz-Moral, C., Manzano, M., Vílchez, J. D., Reche-Perez, F. J., ... & Lopez-Pedrosa, J. M. (2020). Dietary Complex and Slow Digestive Carbohydrates Prevent Fat Deposits During Catch-Up Growth in Rats. Nutrients, 12(9), 2568. [doi:10.3390/nu12092568]
SponsorshipAbbott Laboratories S.A.
A nutritional growth retardation study, which closely resembles the nutritional observations in children who consumed insu cient total energy to maintain normal growth, was conducted. In this study, a nutritional stress in weanling rats placed on restricted balanced diet for 4 weeks is produced, followed by a food recovery period of 4 weeks using two enriched diets that di er mainly in the slow (SDC) or fast (RDC) digestibility and complexity of their carbohydrates. After re-feeding with the RDC diet, animals showed the negative e ects of an early caloric restriction: an increase in adiposity combined with poorer muscle performance, insulin resistance and, metabolic inflexibility. These e ects were avoided by the SDC diet, as was evidenced by a lower adiposity associated with a decrease in fatty acid synthase expression in adipose tissue. The improved muscle performance of the SDC group was based on an increase in myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) and creatine kinase as markers of muscle di erentiation as well as better insulin sensitivity, enhanced glucose uptake, and increased metabolic flexibility. In the liver, the SDC diet promoted glycogen storage and decreased fatty acid synthesis. Therefore, the SDC diet prevents the catch-up fat phenotype through synergistic metabolic adaptations in adipose tissue, muscle, and liver. These coordinated adaptations lead to better muscle performance and a decrease in the fat/lean ratio in animals, which could prevent long-term negative metabolic alterations such as obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and liver fat deposits later in life.