Factors determining speed management during distracted driving (WhatsApp messaging)
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AuthorOrtiz Peregrina, Sonia; Oviedo Trespalacios, Óscar; Ortiz Herrera, Carolina; Casares López, Miriam; Salas Hita, Carlos María; González Anera, María Del Rosario
Ortiz-Peregrina, S., Oviedo-Trespalacios, O., Ortiz, C., Casares-López, M., Salas, C., & Anera, R. G. (2020). Factors determining speed management during distracted driving (WhatsApp messaging). Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-10. [DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-70288-4]
SponsorshipMinistry of Economy and Competitiveness (Spain); European Union (EU) FIS2017-85058-R; Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities (Spain) FPU15/05571
The objective of this work was to investigate self-regulation behaviours, particularly speed management, under distracted conditions due to WhatsApp use. We also studied the influence of different environments and driver characteristics, introducing visual status as one of them. Seventy-five drivers were evaluated in a simulator study involving two test sessions under baseline and texting conditions. A cluster analysis was used to identify two groups with different visual capacity .Lastly, possible predictors of speed management were studied developing a generalised linear mixed model. Our results show that drivers reduced their speeds in the presence of more demanding driving conditions; while replying to a WhatsApp message, on curved road segments and when parked cars are present. Driving speed also correlated with driver characteristics such as age or dual task experience and human factors such as self-perceived risk. Finally, although there were significant differences in visual capacity between the two groups identified, the model did not identify visual capacity membership as a significant predictor of speed management. This study could provide a better understanding of the mechanisms drivers use when WhatsApp messaging and which environments and driver conditions influence how speed is managed.