Impact of Physical Activity Practice and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Relation to Multiple Intelligences among University Students
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AuthorUbago Jiménez, José Luis; Zurita Ortega, Félix; San Román-Mata, Silvia; Puertas Molero, Pilar; González Valero, Gabriel
Multiple intelligencesMediterranean dietPhysical activityUniversity students
Ubago-Jiménez, José L.; Zurita-Ortega, Félix; San Román-Mata, Silvia; Puertas-Molero, Pilar; González-Valero, Gabriel. 2020. "Impact of Physical Activity Practice and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Relation to Multiple Intelligences among University Students." Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2630. [DOI: 10.3390/nu12092630]
SponsorshipSpanish Government FPU16/03114
Physical activity is important at any time of life. Particularly in the university, people tend to have more sedentary life, due to their studies. Eating habits are another health factor to consider. In addition, the Multiple Intelligences theory is a proposal that seeks the integral development and well-being of people. A descriptive, cross-sectional, and non-experimental research with the purpose of this study is to establish the relationships between practice of physical activity and the intelligences and determine the relationship between diet and the different types of intelligence in 215 university students. Findings indicate higher adherence to Mediterranean Diet in women and higher physical activity scores in men. Regarding multiple intelligences, men have higher indices in Bodily-kinesthetic, Interpersonal, Logical-mathematical, Musical, and Spatial intelligences, while women show higher levels in relation to Linguistic, Intrapersonal, and Naturalistic intelligences. Main conclusions from this study suggest the relationship between multiple intelligence and healthy habits, while also highlighting the need to improve eating habits and achieve greater adherence to Mediterranean Diet.