Antioxidants and Oxidative Stress in Children: Influence of Puberty and Metabolically Unhealthy Status
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AuthorRupérez Cano, Azahara Iris; Mesa García, María Dolores; Anguita-Ruiz, Augusto; González Gil, Esther M.; Gil Hernández, Ángel; Aguilera García, Concepción María
CarotenoidsTocopherolsOxidized low-density lipoproteinInflammatory biomarkersChildhood obesityMetabolically healthyMetabolic syndrome
Rupérez, A. I., Mesa, M. D., Anguita-Ruiz, A., González-Gil, E. M., Vázquez-Cobela, R., Moreno, L. A., ... & Aguilera, C. M. (2020). Antioxidants and Oxidative Stress in Children: Influence of Puberty and Metabolically Unhealthy Status. Antioxidants, 9(7), 618. [doi:10.3390/antiox9070618]
SponsorshipPlan Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica, Desarrollo e Innovacion Tecnologica (I + D + I), Instituto de Salud Carlos III-Health Research Funding (FONDOS FEDER) PI051968 PI11/01425 PI1102042 PI11/02059 PI16/01301 PI16/012 PI1600871; CIBEROBN Network CB12/03/30038 CB15/00131 CB15/00043
Oxidative stress could help explain the relationship between childhood obesity and a metabolically unhealthy (MU) status. Moreover, puberty could also influence this relationship, since it entails physiological cardiometabolic changes. We aimed to evaluate plasma antioxidants and oxidative stress biomarkers in MU and metabolically healthy (MH) prepubertal and pubertal children and their associations with pro-inflammatory and endothelial damage biomarkers, taking puberty into account. A total of 1444 Spanish children aged 3–17 years (48.9% males, 66% prepubertal, 47.1% with obesity) were recruited. Blood pressure, anthropometric and biochemical parameters were measured, and children were categorized as having a MU or MH status according to risk factors. Retinol, carotenes, tocopherols, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), oxidized low-density lipoprotein and selected pro-inflammatory and endothelial damage biomarkers were analyzed. General linear models adjusted for age, sex, recruitment center and body mass index, partial correlations and stepwise linear regressions were performed. Lower carotenes and tocopherols levels were found in MU than in MH children. Plasma TAC was lower in prepubertal and higher in pubertal children with obesity compared to normal-weight children. Antioxidants and oxidative stress biomarkers showed novel associations with several pro-inflammatory and endothelial damage biomarkers, with pubertal differences, supporting the importance of considering both the antioxidant and oxidative stress status and puberty in the prevention of metabolic diseases in childhood.