HPLC–DAD–ESI-MS/MS screening of bioactive components from Rhus coriaria L. (Sumac) fruits
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AuthorAbu Reidah, Ibrahim M. M.; Ali-Shtayeh, Mohammed S.; Arráez Román, David; Segura Carretero, Antonio
Palestinian sumacAnacardiaceaeHydrolysable tanninsFlavonoidsMediterranean dietHPLC–DAD–ESI-MS/MS
Abu-Reidah, I. M., Ali-Shtayeh, M. S., Jamous, R. M., Arráez-Román, D., & Segura-Carretero, A. (2015). HPLC–DAD–ESI-MS/MS screening of bioactive components from Rhus coriaria L.(Sumac) fruits. Food chemistry, 166, 179-191. [https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.06.011]
SponsorshipEuropean Union (EU); Spanish Government AGL2011-29857-C03-02; Andalusian Regional Government Council of Innovation and Science P10-FQM-6563 P11-CTS-7625; Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation A1/041035/11
Rhus coriaria L. (sumac) is an important crop widely used in the Mediterranean basin as a food spice, and also in folk medicine, due to its health-promoting properties. Phytochemicals present in plant foods are in part responsible for these consequent health benefits. Nevertheless, detailed information on these bioactive compounds is still scarce. Therefore, the present work was aimed at investigating the phytochemical components of sumac fruit epicarp using HPLC–DAD–ESI-MS/MS in two different ionisation modes. The proposed method provided tentative identification of 211 phenolic and other phyto-constituents, most of which have not been described so far in R. coriaria fruits. More than 180 phytochemicals (tannins, (iso)flavonoids, terpenoids, etc.) are reported herein in sumac fruits for the first time. The obtained results highlight the importance of R. coriaria as a promising source of functional ingredients, and boost its potential use in the food and nutraceutical industries.