Prevalence of Depression in Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
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AuthorCorrea Rodríguez, María; Abu Ejheisheh, Moath; Suleiman Martos, Nora; Schmidt RioValle, Jacqueline; Gómez Urquiza, Jose Luis
Coronary artery bypass graftDepressionsMental healthMeta-analysisPrevalenceSurgerySystematic review
Correa-Rodríguez, M., Abu Ejheisheh, M., Suleiman-Martos, N., Membrive-Jiménez, M. J., Velando-Soriano, A., Schmidt-RioValle, J., & Gómez-Urquiza, J. L. (2020). Prevalence of Depression in Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of clinical medicine, 9(4), 909. [DOI: 10.3390/jcm9040909]
SponsorshipThe results reported in the study are from the doctoral thesis of Moath Abu Ejheisheh and belong to the Clinical Medicine and Health Public Programme (B 12.56.1) of the University of Granada, Spain.
Coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) might adversely affect the health status of the patients, producing cognitive deterioration, with depression being the most common symptom. The aim of this study is to analyse the prevalence of depression in patients before and after coronary artery bypass surgery. A systematic review and meta-analysis was carried out, involving a study of the past 10 years of the following databases: CINAHL, LILACS, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, SciELO, Scopus, and Web of Science. The total sample comprised n = 16,501 patients. The total number of items was n = 65, with n = 29 included in the meta-analysis. Based on the different measurement tools used, the prevalence of depression pre-CABG ranges from 19–37%, and post-CABG from 15–33%. There is a considerable presence of depression in this type of patient, but this varies according to the measurement tool used and the quality of the study. Systematically detecting depression prior to cardiac surgery could identify patients at potential risk.