The Association between Violent Behavior, Academic Performance, and Physical Activity According to Gender in Scholars
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AuthorRamírez Granizo, Irwin Andrés; Zurita Ortega, Félix; Ubago-Jiménez, José Luis; Sánchez Zafra, María
Violent behaviorsPhysical activityAcademic achievementChildren
Ramírez-Granizo, I. A., Zurita-Ortega, F., Ubago-Jiménez, J. L., & Sánchez-Zafra, M. (2019). The Association between Violent Behavior, Academic Performance, and Physical Activity According to Gender in Scholars. Sustainability, 11(15), 4071.
SponsorshipThis research was supported by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science [FPU16/03114], [FPU17/00804], [FPU17/00803]
Background: Aggressive behaviors have increased in a worrying way all over the world, and this has been one more reason to be able to investigate what happens in schools. Its presence has been increasing in recent decades and, therefore, this issue has been approached from different points of view of society. The aim of this study was to analyze and establish the indices of aggressive behaviors and their possible association with gender, academic achievement, and the Physical Activity (PA) in schoolchildren aged 10–12 in Granada (Spain). Methods: Its design is descriptive and cross-sectional, the sample is 320 students, an ad-hoc questionnaire was used to establish socio-demographic variables, violent behavior (measured with the scale of violent behaviors), gender, academic performance, and PA. Results: The results showed that schoolchildren with higher levels of violent behaviors have been in the reactive and relational reactive manifest dimension, males are more assiduous to practice PA than females, and these were characterized by greater manifest and relational aggressiveness. However, they present higher average values in violent behaviors than they do if academic performance is taken into account. Conclusions: The main recommendation is the need to study, in greater depth, the active sports population in order to try to know the cause of these results.