Investigation of the Stereochemical-Dependent DNA and RNA Binding of Arginine-Based Nucleopeptides
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AuthorTomassi, Stefano; Franco Montalbán, Francisco; Russo, Rosita; Novellino, Ettore; Messere, Anna; Di Maro, Salvatore
Nucleic acidsNucleopeptidesBackbone stereochemistrySolid-phase synthesisMolecular dynamic simulation
Tomassi, S., Montalban, F. F., Russo, R., Novellino, E., Messere, A., & Di Maro, S. (2019). Investigation of the Stereochemical-Dependent DNA and RNA Binding of Arginine-Based Nucleopeptides. Symmetry, 11(4), 567.
SponsorshipThis research was supported by Scientific Independence of Young Researchers (SIR) 2014 (RBSI142AMA) and University of Campania Luigi Vanvitelli (Valere) to S.D.M.
Nucleopeptides represent an intriguing class of nucleic acid analogues, in which nucleobases are placed in a peptide structure. The incorporation of D- and/or L-amino acids in nucleopeptide molecules allows the investigation of the role of backbone stereochemistry in determining the formation of DNA and RNA hybrids. Circular Dichroism (CD) spectroscopic studies indicated the nucleopeptide as having fully l-backbone configuration-formed stable hybrid complexes with RNA molecules. Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations suggested a potential structure of the complex resulting from the interaction between the l-nucleopeptide and RNA strand. From this study, both the backbone (ionics and H-bonds) and nucleobases (pairing and pi-stacking) of the chiral nucleopeptide appeared to be involved in the hybrid complex formation, highlighting the key role of the backbone stereochemistry in the formation of the nucleopeptide/RNA complexes.