Association between sleep quality and time with energy metabolism in sedentary adults
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AuthorJurado-Fasoli, Lucas; Mochón Benguigui, Sol; Castillo Garzón, Manuel; Amaro Gahete, Francisco José
Jurado-Fasoli, L., Mochon-Benguigui, S., Castillo, M.J. et al. Association between sleep quality and time with energy metabolism in sedentary adults. Sci Rep 10, 4598 (2020). [https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-61493-2]
SponsorshipThe study was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Education (FPU14/04172 and FPU15/03960), by the University of Granada UGR Research and Knowledge Transfer Fund (PPIT) 2016 (Excellence Actions Programme. Units of Scientific Excellence: Scientific Unit of Excellence on Excercise and Health [UCEES]) and Plan Propio de Investigación 2019 - Programa Contratos-Puente, by the Regional Government of Andalusia, Regional Ministry of Economy, Knowledge, Entreprises and University, by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), ref. SOMM17/6107/UGR and by Redes Temáticas de Investigación Cooperativa RETIC grant Red SAMID RD16/0022.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of sleep quality and time with basal metabolic rate (BMR) and fuel oxidation in basal conditions and during exercise in sedentary middleaged adults. We also studied the mediation role of dietary intake and adherence to the traditional Mediterranean Diet in the relationship between sleep parameters and energy metabolism parameters.A secondary analysis of the FIT-AGEING study was undertaken. 70 middle-aged sedentary adults (40–65 years old) participated in the present study. Sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and wrist accelerometers (ActiSleep, Actigraph, Pensacola, Florida, USA) for 7 consecutive days. BMR was measured with indirect calorimetry and fuel oxidation was estimated through stoichiometric equations. Maximal fat oxidation was determined by a walking graded exercise test and dietary intake with 24 h recalls. Adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet was assessed through the PREDIMED questionnaire. PSQI global score (poor sleep quality) was associated with lower basal fat oxidation (BFox), both expressed in g/min and as a percentage of BMR, independently of confounders. We did not find any association between other sleep and energy metabolism parameters. No mediating role of the dietary intake or PREDIMED global score was observed in the association of PSQI and BFox. In conclusion, our study showed that a subjective poor sleep quality was associated with lower BFox, which is not mediated by dietary intake in sedentary adults.