Colloidal and Thermal Behaviors of Some Venezuelan Kaolin Pastes for Therapeutic Applications
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AuthorHernández, Ana C.; Awad, Mahmoud; Maléndez, Williams; González, Gema; López Galindo, Alberto; Sánchez Espejo, Rita María; García Villén, Fátima; Viseras Iborra, César Antonio
Mud therapyKaolinThermal propertiesZeta potentialRheology
Hernández, A. C., Awad, M. E., Meléndez, W., González, G., López-Galindo, A., Sánchez-Espejo, R., ... & Viseras, C. (2019). Colloidal and Thermal Behaviors of Some Venezuelan Kaolin Pastes for Therapeutic Applications. Minerals, 9(12), 756.
SponsorshipThis research was funded by Spanish MINECO project (CGL2016-80833R), Junta de Andalucía (group CTS-946) and a grant from the Academic mobility program between institutions (Postgraduate Ibero-American University Association, AUIP).
This work contributes to the knowledge of colloidal and thermal properties of some important primary-originated kaolin deposits from Bolivar State, Venezuela, and their possible use as semisolid formulations in medicinal muds for topical applications. Eight selected high purity kaolin samples were characterized. Rheological and thermal properties were correlated to physico-chemical characteristics of the clay suspensions (pH, Ca2+, and Mg2+ cation desorption and surface charge). Most of the studied kaolin pastes showed adequate viscosities, acceptable skin safe pH, and good thermal properties for pelotherapeutic uses. Three of the studied samples, in particular, showed very high kaolinite purities (>92% kaolinite), elevated viscosities (>1 Pa · s), and good thermal and pH performances for topical application.