Cognitive Control and Emotional Intelligence: Effect of the Emotional Content of the Task. Brief Reports
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Emotional intelligenceCognitive processesCool taskHot taskEmotions
Checa P and Fernández-Berrocal P (2019) Cognitive Control and Emotional Intelligence: Effect of the Emotional Content of the Task. Brief Reports. Front. Psychol. 10:195.
SponsorshipThis work was partially supported by projects SEJ-07325, PSI2012-37490 (Spain) and Vicerrectorado de Responsabilidad Social, Igualdad e Inclusión, Univeristy of Granada.
Emotional intelligence (EI) constitutes a unique form of intelligence and, from performance-based ability models, is conceptualized as the integration of several abilities: use, manage, understand, and regulate emotions. The relation between cognitive processes and EI has been less researched. Recent studies show that EI, when measured by performance-based ability models, plays a relevant role in cognitive processes when emotion is implicated in the tasks. The aim of this study was to examine the execution on hot (emotional) and cool (neutral) cognitive tasks in two groups: one high and one low on EI, in order to determine the role of EI on cognitive processes. The results showed that high and low EI groups did not differ on cool task performance, while the high EI group was better at carrying out the hot task. We discuss these results in relation to recent literature that considers the role of EI in cognitive processes.