Correlative vibrational spectroscopy and 2D X-ray diffraction to probe the mineralization of bone in phosphate-deficient mice
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AuthorKing, Helen E.; Tommasini, Steven M.; Rodríguez Navarro, Alejandro; Mercado, Brandon Q.; Skinner, Catherine W.
Vibrational spectroscopyBone remodellingHypophosphatemia2D-XRD
King, H. E., Tommasini, S. M., Rodriguez-Navarro, A. B., Mercado, B. Q., & Skinner, H. C. W. (2019). Correlative vibrational spectroscopy and 2D X-ray diffraction to probe the mineralization of bone in phosphate-deficient mice. Journal of applied crystallography, 52(5).
SponsorshipThe following funding is acknowledged: European Commission Seventh Framework Programme (grant No. 2012-328731 to HEK); Universidad de Granada (grant Nos. CGL2015- 64683-P and UCE PP 2016.05 to ABRN).
Bone crystallite chemistry and structure change during bone maturation. However, these properties of bone can also be affected by limited uptake of the chemical constituents of the mineral by the animal. This makes probing the effect of bone-mineralization-related diseases a complicated task. Here it is shown that the combination of vibrational spectroscopy with two-dimensional X-ray diffraction can provide unparalleled information on the changes in bone chemistry and structure associated with different bone pathologies (phosphate deficiency) and/or health conditions (pregnancy, lactation). Using a synergistic analytical approach, it was possible to trace the effect that changes in the remodelling regime have on the bone mineral chemistry and structure in normal and mineral-deficient (hypophosphatemic) mice. The results indicate that hypophosphatemic mice have increased bone remodelling, increased carbonate content and decreased crystallinity of the bone mineral, as well as increased misalignment of crystallites within the bone tissue. Pregnant and lactating mice that are normal and hypophosphatemic showed changes in the chemistry and misalignment of the apatite crystals that can be related to changes in remodelling rates associated with different calcium demand during pregnancy and lactation.