Understanding the Occupational Adaptation Process and Well-Being of Older Adults in Magallanes (Chile): A Qualitative Study
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AuthorPalma Candia, Oskarina Carmen; Hueso Montoro, César; Martí García, Celia; Fernández-Alcántara, Manuel; Campos Calderón, Concepción P.; Montoya Juárez, Rafael
AdaptationsPsychologicalAgingLife change events
Palma-Candia, O., Hueso Montoro, C., Martí-García, C., Fernández-Alcántara, M., Campos-Calderón, C. P., & Montoya Juárez, R. (2019). Understanding the Occupational Adaptation Process and Well-Being of Older Adults in Magallanes (Chile): A Qualitative Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19), 3640.
Background: Aging and longevity are important topics nowadays. Purpose: To describe how older adults perform the occupational adaptation process in the extreme region of Magallanes (Chile), and to identify the factors that might contribute to successful occupational adaptation and well-being. Method: Qualitative study, with a phenomenological interpretative approach. In-depth interviews were carried out with 16 older adults, with high or low levels of well-being, assessed with the Ryff Scale. An inductive content analysis according to Elo and Kyngäs was performed. Findings: Resilience, self-esteem and interdependence with significant others are key elements that promote well-being. Participants develop strategies to minimize the effects of environmental factors. The occupation’s function in terms of socialization, use of time, and social participation is revealed as a conditioning factor of occupational adaptation. Implications: Interventions with older people to achieve a successful occupational adaptation process must take into consideration the commitment to meaningful activities.